Oriente Station
Lisbon, Portugal
1993 - 1998

Photos courtesy Santiago Calatrava archives

Invited competition

Wedged between a railway and the river embankment the Olivais District, an industrial wasteland five kilometers from the heart of Lisbon, was selected for the the Expo ³98 World Fair².  Fundamental to the plan was the construction of a new station on the existing railway lines, that would cross the district on a nine-meter- high embankment. The embankment, that defined the western edge of the Expo site, was historically the dividing line between the residential and industrial areas.

Calatrava¹s design provides clear and easy pedestrian access between the various transport modes and, by piercing the embankment, establishes a visual and pragmatic link between the two separated areas.

The existing Avenida Berlin, perpendicular to the embankment, was extended to the river¹s edge. The Reciproca Avenida, a matching but slightly oblique avenue, was constructed on the northern edge to establish an important east-west axis penetrating the Expo site.  This axis served as the ordering principle and point of symmetry for the design

Calatrava placed the platforms on a bridge structure, comprised of five parallel rows of twinned arches, 78 meters wide, spanning 260 meters.
The bus terminal is located  to the immediate west of the station, and a complex of commercial buildings surrounds a plaza to the east.

A shopping mall, ticket counters and platform access, are located in a multi-level hall beneath the platforms.  A park-and-ride facility and metro links are also located below grade.

Above the platforms, steel and glass "trees" interlock to form a continuous system of transparent roofs arranged on a 17 meter grid.

The sweeping, glazed canopies of the bus terminal cover an elevated gallery that  gives access to the station above the bus lanes.
The gallery, with its translucent glass-block paving, is treated as an axial, ordering element that runs through the entire complex from east to west.

Conceived as the ExpoŒs primary transport connection, Oriente Station has proved to be the main component in the transformation of the whole area. It has become one of Europe¹s most comprehensive transport nodes; an important interchange for high-speed intercity trains, rapid regional transport, standard rail services, and tram and metro networks.

Client: G.I.L. Expo ³98 World Fair²