The City of
Arts and Sciences is located in the dry bed of the Turia River, midway
between the old city of Valencia and the coastal district of Nazaret. The
architectural ensemble by Santiago Calatrava brings new focus to this
previously incoherent and underdeveloped area, while linking the center city
and the sea. Nearly seven kilometers of promenades allow visitors to
stroll through the complex without entering the buildings.
won the competition for a telecommunications tower in 1991. The tower was to
be constructed on the west end of the site. Later that same year he received
the commission to develop the whole complex, which was to include a science
museum and a planetarium. After a change of government in 1996, the planned
telecommunications tower wasreplaced by an Opera House (Palau de les Arts).
House, Planteraium/IMAX Theater (Hemispheric Theater) and Príncipe Felipe
Science Museum form a linear sequence from west to east. A fourth
structure, known as L¹Umbracle, is a promenade and parking garage, built
within an open arcade that is a contemporary reinvention of the winter
garden. A raised, axial walkway, offering views to the sea, serves as an
ordering element, with gardens and reflecting pools on either side.
area: 35 hectare